Grand Slam tournaments, also called Majors, are the most important annual tennis events.
They offer the most ranking points and prize money, the greatest strength and size of field, and attract the most public and media attention.
The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in January, the French Open in May/June, Wimbledon in June/July, and the US Open in August/September.
Each tournament is played over a period of two weeks.
The Australian and US tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass.
Wimbledon is the oldest Major, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905.
Although, of these 4, only Wimbledon was officially a major before 1924.
Australian Open - Roger Federer Championships
2004 Champion: Roger Federer defeated Marat Safin 7–6(7–3), 6–4, 6–2 in the final to win the Men's Singles title at the 2004 Australian Open tennis tournament.
2006 Champion: Roger Federer defeated unseeded Marcos Baghdatis, 5–7, 7–5, 6–0, 6–2, in the final to take his second Australian Open title.
2007 Champion: Roger Federer was the defending champion, and won in the final 7–6(7–2), 6–4, 6–4, against Fernando González, becoming the first man since Björn Borg in 1980 to win a Grand Slam tournament without losing a set.
2010 Champion: Roger Federer met Andy Murray in the final of this event. Federer won in the final 6–3, 6–4, 7–6(11), against Murray, to claim his first Australian Open title in three years, his fourth overall and his first since the surface was changed in 2008.
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French Open - Roger Federer Championship
2009 Champion: Roger Federer beat Söderling in the final 6–1, 7–6(7–1), 6–4 to win Roland-Garros for the first time, and complete the career Grand Slam.
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Wimbledon - Roger Federer Championships
2003 Champion: Roger Federer defeated Mark Philippoussis 7–6(7–5), 6–2, 7–6(7–3) in the final to win the Gentlemen's Singles title at the 2003 Wimbledon Championships. It was Federer's first Grand Slam tournament win.
2004 Champion: Roger Federer defeated Andy Roddick 4–6, 7–5, 7–6(7–3), 6–4 in the final to win the Gentlemen's Singles title at the 2004 Wimbledon Championships. This tournament also marked the beginning of Federer's record streak of reaching 23 consecutive Grand Slam semi-finals and (ongoing) 37 consecutive Grand Slam quarter-finals.
2005 Champion: Roger Federer was the two-time defending champion, and defeated Andy Roddick 6–2, 7–6(7–2), 6–4 in the final to win the Gentlemen's Singles title for the third time.
2006 Champion: The 2006 Wimbledon Championships - Men's Singles began on June 26 and finished on July 9, 2006. Roger Federer defeated Rafael Nadal 6–0, 7–6(7–5), 6–7(2–7), 6–3 in the final to win his fourth successive Wimbledon title. It would be the first of three years in succession that Federer and Nadal would meet in the final of Wimbledon.
2007 Champion: Roger Federer won his fifth consecutive Wimbledon to equal the record of Björn Borg, defeating Rafael Nadal in five sets 7–6(9–7), 4–6, 7–6(7–3), 2–6, 6–2 in the final.
2009 Champion: Roger Federer defeated Andy Roddick in the longest men's singles final (in terms of games played) in Grand Slam tournament history with 77 games, breaking the record of 71 games set at the 1927 Australian Open. The match also had the longest fifth set (16–14) in a major men's singles final, surpassing the 11–9 fifth set in the 1927 French Open final. The match took 4 hours and 17 minutes to complete, and the fifth set alone lasted 95 minutes. By winning his 15th Major, Roger Federer surpassed Pete Sampras's record of 14 major titles.
2012 Champion: Federer subsequently defeated Andy Murray (who became the first British man to make it to the Wimbledon final since Bunny Austin in 1938) 4–6, 7–5, 6–3, 6–4, to win his record-equalling seventh Wimbledon title and seventeenth Grand Slam title. With the win, Federer also regained the World No. 1 ranking. In both cases, he equalled Pete Sampras' record of seven Wimbledon titles and his record of 286 weeks as World No. 1; Federer broke the latter record on 16 July 2012.
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United States Open - Roger Federer Championships
2004 Champion: Roger Federer won the title, defeating 2001 champion Lleyton Hewitt, 6–0, 7–6(7–3), 6–0, in the final. This was Federer's first US Open title, and made him the tenth man to win three Grand Slams in a calendar year.
2005 Champion: Roger Federer defeated Andre Agassi 6–3, 2–6, 7–6(7–1), 6–1 in the final to win the Men's Singles tennis title at the 2005 US Open.
2006 Champion: Defending champion Roger Federer won his third straight US Open title with his defeat of Andy Roddick in 4 sets, 6–2, 4–6, 7–5, 6–1.
2007 Champion: Roger Federer won in the final 7–6(4), 7–6(2), 6–4, against Novak Djokovic.
2008 Champion: Roger Federer was the defending champion, and won in the final 6–2, 7–5, 6–2, against Andy Murray.
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